A Professional Dermatology & Cosmetology Clinic

Enhance Your Facial Beauty With Chemical Peel Treatment

Because of the changes in lifestyle today, including our diets, lifestyle and a high degree of air pollution, our skin undergoes a lot of punishment. That is why it is common to find people complaining of a variety of blemishes, some of which are :

  • Age spots
  • Freckles
  • Melasma (dark patches)
  • Acne
  • Wrinkles
  • Lines on face
  • Sun damage

What Is a Chemical Peel?

In order to counter the effects of damage to the skin, a chemical peel treatment is a treatment that is becoming more popular and is showing better results. A solution of the requisite chemicals is applied to the skin, it tingles and itches for the first few minutes, after which it is usually neutralised (unless it is a leave-on at home wash peel) to reveal new skin underneath, which is free of the earlier blemishes. Each clinic would have its special formulation, but the most common ingredients are glycolic acid and trichloroacetic acid. Chemical peels are usually classified into AHA and BHA peels. AHA peels are water-soluble and are made from fruits.BHA is oil soluble and goes deeper into the pores to remove sebum.

Some common types of Chemical Peel available are:

    • Glycolic peel-a very gentle peel tends to brighten up the skin instantly. It is an alpha hydroxy acid peel (AHA peel).
    • Kojic peel-essentially kojic acid blocks tyrosine from forming, therefore preventing melanin production. It is best used for skin lightening. It is an alpha hydroxy acid peel (AHA).
    • Lactic peel or Milk peel-helps to enhance the dull and uneven complexion. Improves the complexion and appearance of pores. It is also an AHA peel.
    • Argi peel- these peels are used to lighten the dark circles. The combination contains arginine, lactic acid and allantoin. The peel accelerates wound healing, increases skin elasticity.
    • Salicylic peel-these are good for fine lines, wrinkles, acne, marks and scars. It is a beta hydroxy acid peel (BHA Peel)
    • Trichloroacetic acid peel-this helps to remove the damaged skin cell layer. These peels are used for age spots, freckles, sun-damaged skin and rough skin.
    • Yellow peel-this peel increases the oxygen supply and circulation to the skin. There is a great improvement in the skin tone, colour and clarity. There is visible peeling for about a week.
    • Phenol peel-it is a deep peel primarily indicated for photoaging, it can also help one get rid of deep wrinkles. It can regenerate firmness into the skin in a single session.
    • Cosmelan peel-it is the best depigmentation method. It reduces dark spots and leads to luminous skin. Although you may have a downtime of 2 weeks, the results are definitely worth it.

Peel type

AHA peel(glycolic/lactic/kojic)BHA peel (salicylic peel)

TCA peel

Yellow peel

Phenol peel

Cosmelan peel

ExfoliationGood resultsSome resultsLess resultsGood resultsGood resultsGood results
Fine linesSome resultsLess resultsSome results Good results Less results Less results
AcneSome resultsGood resultsSome results Some resultsGood results Good results
Acne scarsLess resultsSome resultsGood resultsSome resultsGood results Good results
Age spotsLess results Less resultsSome resultsGood results Good results Good results
Effects1 month1month 3 months3 months6 months 1 year
Treatment time5 minutes5-10 minutes10-15 minutes4 hours(leave on)2 hours (leave on )12 hours(leavon )
contraindicationssunburn /herpes/pregnancysunburn/herpes/pregnancysunburn/herpes/pregnancy/keloid/wartssunburn/herpes/pregnancy/sunburn/herpes/pregnancy/keloids/wartssunburn/herpes/pregnancy/keloid/warts
Recovery timeshortshortSlightly longSlightly longlonglong



  • Even out the skin tone
  • Prevent acne by unclogging the pores
  • Increase cell turnover rate
  • Remove dead skin cells
  • Improves the texture of the overall skin
  • Decreases inflammation such as acne and rosacea
  • Decreases the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles and large pores

How does one decide which peel is suitable for them:

This decision is made by your dermatologist. The chemical peels are basically classified into 

Superficial peels: These are the mildest peels. They are usually suitable for all skin types. You can do these peels as often as twice in a month. There is no visible peeling but it internally helps to renew the skin cell layer causing a glowing and healthy skin. Best outcomes come after taking 4 to 6 sessions of these peels. Common examples include the glycolic peel, kojic peel, lactic peel. This is ideal for you if you are undergoing a chemical peel for the first time.

Medium depth peels: These peels are more advanced than superficial peels. They penetrate to the level of the upper dermis. These peels work for freckles, age spots, moderate skin discolouration. Visible peeling occurs for 2 to 4 days. So there is literally a ‘peel off’ happening. Common examples are trichloroacetic acid and yellow peels.

Deep depth peels: These penetrate to the dermis level and can also treat moderate wrinkles, fine lines, scars along with treating pigmentation. They come with downtime which includes swelling, crusting and visible peeling. Common examples include phenol peel, cosmelan peel. 

Before You Start Chemical Peel Treatment

Like we said earlier, the doctors at your clinic would ask many questions and offer several suggestions before chemical peel treatment can be initiated. Some of them are :

  • Examination of existing scars and blemishes and history of earlier ones.
  • Examination of the cause and depth of the pigmentation.
  • Assessment of the history of medical treatments taken earlier.
  • Listing of present medications.
  • Checking for the history of cold sores
  • Possibility of prescription of certain preparatory medicines before the procedure.
  • Your expectations will also be discussed at this time. It is very important for the physician to understand the patient’s expectations of the procedure. Make sure you also clear all your queries about the treatment. For example how many treatments you will need, how long will the recovery period be, what would be the final results.

Some common pre-procedure instructions will usually include :

  1. You must stop all irritants like retinol, benzoyl peroxide or any product which could cause dryness for at least 3 days prior to your peel procedure.
  2. Use must use sunscreen regularly before undergoing a peel treatment
  3. You must not have had any salon procedures like waxing/bleaching/threading at least 3 days before a superficial peel, 5 days before a medium depth peel and 7 days before a deep peel.
  4. History of cold sores may require an antiviral prescription before the procedure.

After Chemical Peel Treatment:

While going in for a chemical peel treatment, it is important that the doctor clearly explains the possible after-effects to the patient, because some of those might make the patient needlessly nervous. Usually, your skin would resemble a sunburnt skin once the peeling is taking place. The reddish appearance would be followed by scales which would go off within seven days. Some patients also get small to medium-sized blisters on their skin, which would go off within the next seven days. Knowing these possible effects would stop the patient from getting scared after the procedure.

Your doctor will give you below printed aftercare instructions :

  1. Applying sunscreen and a good moisturizer is the best way to increase the effects of a chemical peel.
  2. Hot baths/sweating/sauna/steam room/exercising should be avoided until your skin is peeling.
  3. Don’t rub/scrub or pick on your peeling skin.
  4. Don’t self medicate to control or reduce the peeling? Discuss with your doctor before applying any at-home creams or ointments.
  5. Do Not undergo any salon procedures like waxing/bleaching /threading for at least 7 days after a superficial peel, 14 days after a medium peel and at least 28 days after a deep peel.

Where to Get a Chemical Peel

The facial skin is the part of your body that the world sees, so any blemishes on it would be detrimental to your self-confidence. That is why you should think long and hard before going in for any kind of treatment for your skin. If you are not sure if a chemical peel treatment would work for you, a consultation with the best skin specialist in Mumbai would help answer some of your queries. You can visit a reputed clinic to get all your doubts clarified and check out the facilities for yourself. One of the best places for skin treatment in Mumbai is Metamorphosis Clinic where a tolerability profile is carried out on all patients to determine if their skin is ready for a chemical peel treatment, and if so, then which peel would be most efficacious. As we have outlined above, there might be a few adverse reactions depending on certain skin types. Only a good quality clinic would be able to assess the skin properly and prescribe the right chemical peel for every patient without any unwanted after-effects.


comments (1)

Tanya Mishra
04 Oct 2018 Reply

Good Information. Very well written. To consult the best plastic surgeon in Mumbai, India, visit Dr. Debraj Shome.

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