Hyperpigmentation: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Types, And More

Hyperpigmentation: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Types, And More

by Neha | Jun 1, 2023 | Hyperpigmentation

The Best dermatologist in Delhi asks, when you are standing in front of a mirror, what will you look at first? Somebody will say face, some say body shape, and some say hair. But all these things are wrong! Yes, because, at the very first, what we look at in the mirror is all about our skin. We love to see our skin healthy, fresh, and bright. 

Hyperpigmentation is a condition where our skin gets dull and dark simultaneously day by day, for which we gradually start to lose our natural skin glow day by day. It can occur anywhere on our body’s skin. The Best dermatologist in Delhi says this condition needs a fast remedy to treat permanently. 

Today, in this blog, we dive into the depth of Hyperpigmentation and its root causes, types, symptoms, treatments, and more. 

Causes Of Hyperpigmentation As Per The Best Dermatologist In Delhi:-

A singular’s not entirely settled by a color called melanin created by the skin cells. On harm, these skin cells produce an over-the-top measure of melanin. A region becomes darker when melanin builds up there.

Sun Burn

Hyperpigmentation is dominating, caused because of over-sunburn. Melanin production is sparked by the sun, and prolonged exposure can disrupt this process and cause hyperpigmentation.

As per the best dermatologist in Delhi, hyperpigmentation is the result of any injury to the dermis or epidermis layer of the skin. Melanocytes are stimulated to produce more melanin when the epidermis is inflamed.

This process also results in the transfer of pigments to nearby keratinocytes. With continued exposure to the sun, the post-inflammatory pigmentation becomes darker. Preventing skin inflammation begins with using sunscreen.


Melasma appears on the skin as brown, blue-grey, or freckle-like spots. It is sometimes called the “pregnancy mask.”

Melasma is brought on by an excess of melanin-producing skin cells known as melanocytes. It’s a common, mild condition. Medicines can fend off the side effects of the best dermatologists in Delhi and following a couple of months, melasma ordinarily blurs.

Risk factors

Paying special attention to taking a chance with factors is vital to remain precautious and keep off hyperpigmentation.

Pregnancy and oral contraceptive use Hyperpigmentation can occur as a result of hormonal changes in the body during pregnancy and while taking oral contraceptives.

More obscure skin type

Individuals with hazier complexions are more helpless to hyperpigmentation, as the melanin color in the skin is high.

Drugs that make your skin more sensitive to sunlight 

Some medicines are photosensitive, so if you go out in the sun while taking them, your skin will get darker as per the best dermatologists in Delhi.

Trauma to the skin 

Damage to the epidermis’s bottom layer, which is the top layer of the skin, is possible. The pigments can thus enter the dermis layer of the skin and become trapped there. The pigmentation becomes more resistant to treatment as a result.

Types of Hyperpigmentation:-

Hyperpigmentation can be ordered extensively into two kinds – confined and diffuse. Let us give you a list of the most prevalent ones and explain what they mean.

Restricted Hyperpigmentation

This kind of pigmentation is for the most part an essential skin condition with no inner inclusion.

Hyperpigmentation after inflammation: 

This kind of hyperpigmentation, as per the best dermatologist in Delhi, can occur as a result of any injury or skin inflammation, including acne. Similar regions impacted will obscure during the recuperating system and result in hyperpigmentation. Those with darker skin tones are more likely to experience this.

Diffuse Hyperpigmentation

This sort of pigmentation is normally because of hidden conditions and is definitely not an essential skin infection.

Conditions of the body: 

Conditions like hemochromatosis and vitamin B12 and folic acid deficiency are metabolic causes of hyperpigmentation. Additionally, these result in genital, mucosal, and exposed skin pigmentation.

Hormonal Pigmentations: 

Basic hormonal circumstances like thyroid sickness and Addison’s illness may likewise give diffuse pigmentation as per the best dermatologist in Delhi, over the tension focuses, skinfold, and palms.


Diffuse hyperpigmentation has been linked to a variety of malignancies, particularly melanoma-related ones, though it is less common. Patients who have metastatic disease experience higher rates of this. Patients with the skin of color face an even more difficult obstacle because they are frequently diagnosed later in the disease process or go undiagnosed for a longer period of time than, for example, people with lighter skin. As a result, it’s critical to screen and treats patients with skin color appropriately.

Symptoms of Hyperpigmentation:-

You can identify the skin condition and get it treated according to the best dermatologist in Delhi by looking for specific symptoms that are unique to it.

  • Patches of changing shades of brown or dark
  • The staining is seen after irritation or injury on the skin
  • Stained patches turning hazier after sun openness
  • Brought dim patches experiencing childhood in size

Generally, these are the marks of hyperpigmentation that you want to look out for. If this is the case, you should think about seeing a dermatologist for further evaluation and treatment. It is always safer to refrain from self-medicating. 

Treatment of Hyperpigmentation:-

Prescription medications:

On account of gentle hyperpigmentation, specialists might endorse over-the-counter (OTC) medicine. Because the best dermatologist in Delhi‘s primary purpose is to lighten dark spots, these medications can also be purchased without a prescription.

Retinoids for the skin

Topical retinoids are another treatment option for hyperpigmentation. Vitamin A derivatives are these. Both effective retinoids and hydroquinone are powerful however work steadily throughout some undefined time frame to show a few substantial impacts on hyperpigmentation. It depends on your doctor’s prescription and the severity of your skin pigmentation. If not used correctly, these substances can also have a variety of negative effects and should not be used by pregnant or nursing women.

Kojic acid and azelaic acid

According to the best dermatologist in Delhi, when severe acne and inflammation cause hyperpigmentation, azelaic acid, a gentle depigmenting agent, is applied. Additionally, it is among the safest agents. Additionally, kojic acid is a recommended treatment. It is known to produce tyrosine, an amino acid necessary for the synthesis of melanin, and it is derived from a fungus.

B, C vitamins

Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid, and niacinamide, a vitamin B3 derivative that also regulates the production of collagen in the skin and makes it supple and elastic, are two additional treatments.

Chemical methods

Chemical peels are one type of chemical treatment that doctors may sometimes recommend by the best dermatologist in Delhi. These actual medicines strip away or eliminate the hyperpigmented skin, permitting the better skin underneath to have its spot.

Laser treatment

When combined with topical therapy, these in-clinic procedures are more efficient. They require different sittings and give apparent outcomes speedier.


Cryotherapy obliterates the cells that produce skin shade, bringing about a super durable pale region at the treatment site. Cryotherapy uses freezing to freeze and remove abnormal tissue. Cryotherapy is one method dermatologists use to treat a variety of skin conditions.

A specific area is frozen for a few seconds with liquid nitrogen after it is injected. As per the Best Dermatologist In Delhi, pigmented cells are killed by freezing in this method. As the skin mends, the region will become lighter.

Topical creams 

The majority of prescription skin-lightening treatments contain hydroquinone. We have blanched that eases up and blurs obscured skin patches by easing back the development of melanin, making the dull spots blur over the long run.

Hydroquinone, the active ingredient in prescription bleach, is present in twice as much quantity as it is in over-the-counter bleach. Tretinoin and cortisone creams might be utilized in additional serious circumstances. These may sting sensitive skin and take three to six months to work, says the best dermatologist in Delhi.

Prevention of Hyperpigmentation:-

Hyperpigmentation can’t always be avoided or stopped from getting worse, but there are steps you can take to lower your risk. This can be done by:

  • Picking at the skin after an accident or when there are patches, scabs, or acne is not recommended; 
  • Before using creams to lighten dark patches, consult a professional, 
  • Protecting the skin from the sun by using sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or 
  • Higher and wearing clothes that protect the skin.

Connect with Metamorphosis:-

The best skin treatment in India can be found at the Metamorphosis clinic. The skin treatment methods for hyperpigmentation we, the best dermatologists in Delhi, perform to revive and restore an individual’s appearance as well as can treat different skin illnesses. We give tweaked treatment to suit the skincare needs of various individuals. Each client receives a bespoke treatment plan from our well-trained staff. Many people suffer from the negative effects of dry skin. Although applying lotions and creams to dry skin can help prevent it, treating extremely dry skin requires more than just those products. Aside from treating dry skin, we additionally offer skin lighting-up and skin-easing-up medicines. 

Shake hands with Dr. Aparna, the best dermatologist in Delhi, at tel:981 180 9112 website: https://www.metamorphosis-clinic.com/ to get rid of your hyperpigmentation with visual results.