Acne: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Prevention, and More

Acne: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Prevention, and More

by Neha | May 25, 2023 | Acne, Acne Treatment

Acne is a very common word for everyone and the problem also. According to the Best Dermatologists In Mumbai, acne is more common in youngsters and even for people in the age group of 35 to 45. Though there are many causes for acne, check this blog to know the key reasons for having acne with its symptoms, treatment, prevention, and more. 

Acne, what is it?

Skin inflammation is a typical skin condition where the pores of your skin obstruct. Pore blockages produce zits, whiteheads, and different kinds of pimples. Pimples are discharge filled, in some cases agonizing, knocks on your skin.

The clinical term for skin breakout is skin inflammation vulgaris.

Key Reasons for Acne as per the best dermatologist in Mumbai:-

As per the best dermatologist in Mumbai, obstructed hair follicles or pores cause skin break out. A strand of your hair is held in place by tiny tubes called hair follicles. Your hair follicles are fed by a number of glands. At the point when an excess of material is inside your hair follicle, a stop-up happens. You can clog your pores with:


A slick substance that gives a defensive hindrance to your skin.


On your skin, you naturally have a small amount of bacteria. Your pores can become clogged if you have too much bacteria.

Dead skin cells: 

Skin cells shed frequently to make room for new growth as per the best dermatologist in Mumbai. Your hair follicles may become clogged with dead skin cells as your skin sheds them.

A pimple is caused by substances clogging your hair follicle when your pores become clogged. This triggers irritation, which you feel as agony and expansion. Additionally, skin discoloration, such as redness around a pimple, can indicate inflammation.

Acne triggers Some things in your environment can cause or exacerbate acne, such as the following:

  • Wearing headgear like sports helmets and clothing that fits tightly.
  • Pollution in the air and specific weather conditions, particularly high humidity.
  • Using personal care products that are oily or greasy, like heavy lotions and creams according to the best dermatologist in Mumbai, or working in an environment where you frequently come into contact with grease, like a restaurant where frying oil is used.
  • Cortisol production rises in response to stress.
  • a consequence of taking medication.
  • scratching your acne.
  • Acne-causing foods link acne to particular diets and foods like:

Acne-causing foods Some studies link acne to particular diets and foods like:

  • Skim milk
  • Protein from whey
  • Diets loaded with sugar.
  • Chocolate is not directly linked to acne, despite the fact that high-sugar diets can cause breakouts.

Choose to eat a well-balanced, nutritious diet that includes a lot of fresh fruits and vegetables as per the best dermatologist in Mumbai, especially those that are high in vitamin C and beta-carotene, which helps reduce inflammation. This will lower your risk of developing acne.

Chemicals and skin break out

Skin breakout is to a great extent a hormonal condition that is driven by androgen chemicals (testosterone). This ordinarily becomes dynamic during the teen and youthful grown-up years. As a result of hormone activity, you might also notice acne developing around the time of your period. Antipathy for this compound — got together with surface microorganisms on your skin and substances set liberated from your body’s organs — can achieve skin breakout.

Types of Acne:

The best dermatologist in Mumbai says, if you have acne, you may notice multiple types of pimples.

  • Whiteheads and zits, both additionally alluded to as comedones, are the most widely recognized skin inflammation injuries.
  • Clogged pores, or open comedones, open at the outer layer of your skin. Oxygen in the air (not soil) gives the highest point of these pimples their more obscure appearance.
  • Whiteheads, also known as closed comedones, appear as raised bumps under your skin’s surface. They remain tissue hued.

Among the inflammatory lesions that are more likely to leave scars on your skin are:

Papules – Hair follicles that are infected or inflamed as per the best dermatologist in Mumbai are the source of these small, raised, red bumps.

Pustules – The tips of these tiny, red pimples have fluid.

Nodules – Under your skin’s surface, you’ll find these clumps that are usually solid and painful.

Cysts – Most of the time, these large lumps under your skin are painful and contain pus.

Symptoms of Acne:-

Acne can occur almost anywhere on your body, but the most common areas to experience breakouts are:

  • Face and neck
  • Back
  • Shoulders
  • Chest

Pimples can give your skin a harsh, lopsided surface. Additionally, you might experience scarring or skin discoloration, including dark spots (hyperpigmentation), redness, swelling, and pain, says the best dermatologist in Mumbai when touched or not. Acne breakouts can also cause scarring or skin discoloration.

Popping pimples can raise your possibility of scarring, so abstain from crushing.

How is acne analyzed?

During a skin exam, a healthcare provider can diagnose acne. The doctor will take a close look at your skin during this exam to learn more about your symptoms. What’s more, they may likewise get some information about risk factors for skin inflammation, such as:

  • Is it true that you’re feeling anxious?
  • Do you have a family background of skin breaking out?

On the off chance with the best dermatologist in Mumbai if you see breakouts during your period. 

What are your current medications?

If you have sudden, severe acne outbreaks, especially if you are an adult, your healthcare provider may offer tests to diagnose any underlying conditions. However, your healthcare provider will not need to run any diagnostic tests for acne.

How extreme could acne at any point get?

Acne severity is ranked by dermatologists:

1st grade (mild): Generally whiteheads and zits, with a couple of papules and pustules.

Moderate or pustular acne, grade 2: numerous pustules and papules, most of which are on your face.

Grade 3 (reasonably extreme or nodulocystic skin inflammation): As per the best dermatologists in Mumbai numerous pustules and papules, are occasionally accompanied by inflamed nodules. Additionally, your chest and back may be affected.

Grade 4 (extreme nodulocystic skin inflammation): Various huge, agonizing and kindled pustules and knobs.

Acne Treatment:-

Treatment for skin break out for the most part relies upon its seriousness.


You can treat pimples as they appear with over-the-counter (OTC) medicated creams, cleansers, and spot treatments.

Acne creams and gels typically contain the following ingredients:

Peroxide benzoyl – Acne-causing bacteria are killed and existing pimples are helped to dry out by this ingredient.

Salicylic corrosive – This fixing peels your skin to keep pores from getting obstructed with skin break out causing microorganisms, says the best dermatologist in Mumbai.


If you continue to experience symptoms after using over-the-counter acne treatments for a number of weeks, you should probably think about getting professional help.

Medication can be prescribed by a dermatologist or another medical professional to help alleviate symptoms and prevent scarring.

A dermatologist might suggest the following if you have moderate acne:

  • Oral anti-toxins
  • Benzoyl peroxide
  • Effective anti-toxins
  • Effective retinoids

They may likewise propose hormonal contraception or oral isotretinoin, additionally realized by the brand name Accutane.

Accutane is a vitamin A medication used to treat severe nodular acne in some cases. It can cause serious incidental effects, and the best dermatologist in Mumbai possibly recommends it when different medicines don’t work.

Prevention of Acne:-

While completely avoiding acne is not always possible, there are things you can do at home to reduce your risk of developing pimples or breakouts.

Try the following:

  • Use a non-oil cleaner to clean on a daily basis.
  • Take a look at an over-the-counter acne cleanser to help get rid of any extra oil.
  • Use water-based cosmetics or items marked “non-comedogenic” — this implies they’re less inclined to obstruct your pores.
  • Avoid skin well-being the executives and beauty care products things that contain oil.
  • Before going to bed, remove all of your makeup and thoroughly cleanse your skin, advised by the best dermatologists in Mumbai.
  • Shower or clean up after working out.
  • Hats, headbands, and clothing that covers areas that are prone to breakouts should be avoided.
  • Eat a reasonable eating routine, and remain hydrated.
  • Do whatever it takes to diminish pressure.

A dermatologist can offer more tips and direction on overseeing and forestalling skin breaks out.

Connect with Metamorphosis:-

We practice the accompanying medicines for Skin break out, Pores, and Scars Treatment.

Chemical Peel: This includes the utilization of a sedated gel arrangement that diminishes new pimple development and decreases oil organ movement done by our best dermatologist in Mumbai and pimple imperfections. It likewise helps in reemerging pimple scars by spot strips. It requires neither genuine stripping nor free time and is effortless.

Mesotherapy Treatment: Vitamins, minerals, and other medications are injected directly into the skin’s necessary layers during this painless micro-injection procedure, reducing pimple scarring and pigmentation.

Dermaroller/Dermafrac/MNRF: These are miniature clinical needling systems that invigorate the skin to recover and fix itself normally, in the end making smoother, more splendid skin and decreased post-pimple imperfections and scarring.

Polishing the skin with microdermabrasion: It is a treatment that helps scar resurface and reduces blemishes by removing the superficial dead layer by our best dermatologist in Mumbai of skin with ultra-clean crystals.

Pores Purging Treatment: A marine extract mask infused with pure oxygen and vitamins and minerals is followed by a polishing of the skin.

Lasers for Acne: Co2 Fractional, like Alma Clear Skin, kills acne bacteria with laser energy, which dramatically improves the appearance of acute acne. They additionally contract the sebaceous organs. Shake hands with Dr. Aparna, the best dermatologist in Mumbai, at tel:897 676 5661 website: to get rid of your acne problem with visual results.